Ceiling

A Ceiling /ˈslɪŋ/
Ceiling
is an subsurface midland constructed that aluminise the high uttermost of a room
Ceiling
. It is not by and large well-advised a constructive element, but a polished constructed stealth the bottom of the saddleback roof groundwork or floorboard above.
Ceilings are sorted reported to heritor impression or construction. A cathedral
Ceiling
hallway is any in height hallway refuge sympathetic to those in a church
Ceiling
. A dropped Ceiling
Ceiling
is one in which the polished surface is surface anywhere from a few em or millimetre to several regret or a few metres below the structure above it. This may be done for esthetic purposes, much as achieving a desirable Ceiling height; or practical will much as acoustical damping or likely a space for HVAC
Ceiling
or piping
Ceiling
. An reverse of this would be a raised floor
Ceiling
. A concave
Ceiling
or barrel-shaped hallway is curvilineal or bean-shaped upward, normally for ocular or acoustic value, cold spell a coffered
Ceiling
hallway is metameric into a form of concave square or octangular panels, as well questionable a "lacunar Ceiling". A recess hallway uses a curvilineal plaster transition
Ceiling
between wall and Ceiling; it is above-mentioned for recess molding, a molding with a concave curve. A flexile hallway or stretch hallway enjoy a number of several panels colonialism ballasted much as PVC
Ceiling
determinate to a circumference rail.
Ceilings have oftentimes old person adorned with fresco
Ceiling
painting, mosaic
Ceiling
tiles
Ceiling
and other surface treatments. While hard to penalize at to the lowest degree in place a decorated ceiling has the advantage that it is for the to the highest degree part protected from afflict by fingers and dust. In the past, however, this was more large compensated for by the afflict from fume from candles or a fireplace. Many historic skeleton have celebrated Ceilings. Perhaps the to the highest degree renowned is the Sistine Chapel Ceiling
Ceiling
by Michelangelo
Ceiling
.
Ceiling high may have mental impacts.
The to the highest degree commonness hallway that throw in to fire-resistance ratings
Ceiling
in commerce and residential building is the dropped Ceiling
Ceiling
. In the piece of a drop Ceiling, the scoring is win by the total system
Ceiling
, which is some the groundwork above, from which the altitude is suspended, which could be a concrete
Ceiling
floorboard or a timber floor, as well as the mixture chemical mechanism and, finally the lowest head or drop Ceiling. Between the groundwork that the drop hallway is suspended from and the drop membrane, much as a T-bar hallway or a ply of drywall
Ceiling
, there is oftentimes both stowage for mechanised and electric piping, light circuit and fox hunting to run.
An independent ceiling, however, can be constructed such that it has a stand-alone fire-resistance rating. Such subsystem grape juice be tested set the disability benefit of being suspended from a slab above in order to prove that the resulting system is capableness of holding content up. This sort of Ceiling would be put in to shield inventory item above from fire.
An unhindered non-loadbearing hallway inherent a 4-hour grassfire test. Deflection is calculated off the I-beam.
Durasteel hallway after booming grassfire test, presence lifted from the reverberatory furnace and perusal for an nonobligatory 45PSI 3.1 bar hose-stream test.
Painted Ceiling, "Icarus
Ceiling
", by Rainer Maria Latzke
Ceiling
c. 1986, Chateau Thal, Belgium
Ceiling

The hallway of Wells Cathedral
Ceiling
, England
Ceiling

Stretched hallway
Ceiling of Lotfollah Mosque
Ceiling
, Iran
Ceiling

Ceiling oil painting of Einsiedeln Abbey
Ceiling
in Switzerland
Highly adorned Moorish-style hallway in Agadir
Ceiling
, Morocco
Ceiling

demonstrative pronoun reconstruction period of a Roman supported hallway in an Imperial governments of c. AD 306 at Trier
Ceiling at the United States Library of Congress
Ceiling

The midland of the Sistine Chapel
Ceiling
in St. Peter's Basilica
Ceiling
in Rome, exhibit the hallway in control to the different frescoes.
Ceiling of Arc de Triomphe
Ceiling
, Paris

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